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Treatment for Knee Joint Pain 

Om Hip and Knee Speciality Orthopedic and Physiotherapy Clinic are with facilities like Orthopedic session, Digital Xray and Physiotherapy element in one roof. The expert team of Orthopedic Surgeon, Physiotherapist and in house Digital Xray facility provides complete out-patient care.

If you are suffering from hip, knee or any other joint pain and are looking for the best care, we at Om Hip and Knee Specialty Orthopedic and Physiotherapy Clinic in Pune provide complete, personalized evaluation and treatment for patients with the most severely damaged hips and knees. We use state-of-the-art, most advanced treatments for joint reconstruction for each individual to enable them to enjoy a Healthy life. With advances in technology and better materials and designs have led to a hip, knee and joint replacements that allow speedier healing and last for years. We treat patients from all over Maharashtra, India including Pune, PCMC Pimpri Chinchwad, Mumbai, Nashik, Aurangabad, Nagpur, Sangli, Satara, Karad, Kolhapur, Solapur, Ahmednagar.

Knee Meniscus Injury Treatment :

The meniscus is a cushion between the upper and lower bone of the knee. It prevents friction between bones in the knee joint and gives stability to the knee joint. A most common reason for meniscus injury is sports and road traffic accidents. The medial meniscus is injured most commonly. Meniscus injury treatment is successfully done nowadays with advanced technique and instrumentations of arthroscopy (Keyhole surgery).

Knee joint and ligaments

The weight-bearing surfaces of the knee are covered with a layer of protective cartilage. There are also “shock absorbers” on either side of the knee joint between the cartilage held in the femur and the tibia. These shock absorbers are formally named the medial meniscus and the lateral meniscus. These are horseshoe shaped and help to both centers the knee joint during activity and minimize the stress on articular cartilage.

The medial and lateral collateral ligaments stabilize the knee from side-to-side, allowing the knee to hinge into flexion (bent position) and extension (straightened position).

In knee replacement surgery the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of a pair of ligaments in the middle of the knee joint that forms a cross, hence the name “cruciate.” There are an anterior cruciate ligament and a posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in the knee. Both of these ligaments stabilize the knee from front to back during normal activity or physical exertion.

Symptoms of Meniscus injury

  1. Pain- If you have a minor injury, you may not feel pain. You may feel sore along your knee’s joint line. Some people have trouble standing or putting pressure on the hurt leg.
  2. Swelling– This is most likely to happen during the first 24 hours. You can reduce swelling by putting ice on your knee and elevating (rising) your leg by propping it up on a pillow.
  3. Trouble walking– If you’re able to put pressure on your hurt leg, you may notice that it’s harder than normal to walk. Some people find that the knee joint feels looser than it should.
  4. Less range of motion– After you damage your meniscus, it’s very likely that you won’t be able to bend and flex your knee like you normally would.
  5. Locking of the knee
  6. Clicking sounds from joint-

How it happens….

Most meniscus injuries happen during sports and fitness activities that can put stress on the knee:

  1. Suddenly slowing down and changing direction (cutting)
  2. Pivoting with your foot firmly planted
  3. Landing from a jump incorrectly
  4. Stopping suddenly
  5. Receiving a direct blow to the knee

Treatment Options

  • Non-operative treatment-

In physiotherapy, a course of physical therapy may relieve pain for individuals who are relatively inactive, engage in moderate exercise and recreational activities, or play sports that put less stress on the knees.

  • Operative treatment-

Arthroscopic knee meniscus surgery is generally recommended if:

  • You’re an athlete and want to continue in your sport, especially if the sport involves jumping, cutting or pivoting
  • More than one ligament with the meniscus in your knee is injured
  • The injury is causing your knee to buckle during everyday activities
  • You’re young (though other factors, such as activity level and knee instability, are more important than age)

Arthroscopic Meniscus injury surgery

Meniscus injury surgery nowadays with the help of advanced science and technology have done by keyhole surgery that is Knee arthroscopic surgery. Depending on the size and pattern of tear, surgery options have opted.

  1. Partial Meniscectomy- an Injured portion of the meniscus is removed
  2. Meniscus repair- an Injured portion of the meniscus is sutured with suture anchors
different type of meniscus tear

Advantages of Arthroscopic Meniscus injury surgery

  1. Postoperative pain is greatly reduced due to the minimally invasive character of the surgical intervention (arthroscopy) and to the smaller size of the wound. Recovery is early.
  2. Good mobility of the knee is obtained very rapidly.
  3. Active mobilization of the patient is early.
  4. Through the faster postoperative recovery and the significant decrease of the postinterventional pain, the hospitalization costs are substantially decreased by lowering the dose of analgesics and anti-inflammatory medication, and particularly by reducing the period of hospital stay (from 1 to 2days on the average).

Recovery after surgery

After knee replacement surgery patient has to perform physiotherapy to regain power and movement of the knee joint. After surgery patient will start to walk from the next day. Physiotherapy to alleviate pain and swelling, restore range of motion (ROM) and strength, and improve mobility. Physical therapy for the knee joint is divided into phases. By following this protocol, or one similar, you should be able to walk after meniscus surgery by the end of the third to six weeks after your operation. Of course, everyone heals and responds to treatment at different rates. If you’re planning to have knee surgery, here’s a general idea of what to expect when you start physical therapy afterward.

 
Structured Meniscal tear